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METAL TRADING

UD Trading plays a vital role within the commodities supply chain, acting as a reliable and trusted counterparty to major players within the industry. Given its broad product portfolio of ferrous and non-ferrous metalsand metal products, as well as its relationships with suppliers across the globe, UD Trading provides its customers with efficient, flexible andcustomised solutions that meet their supply needs.

Trading on a back-to-back basis, UD Trading limits it inventory risk while ensuring it effectively sources required materials and building its understanding of capacity needs across its customer base.

UD Trading leverages on the hugely dynamic trends within the commodities market and the growing demand for the metal products that it can competitively source and price for the market.

Credibility and reliability is key in this industry and UD Trading remains committed to maintaining its strong reputation within the market.


UD Trading currently trades in ferrous metals, including raw materials and steel products, as well as non-ferrous metals.

These products and materials form an essential component of the global economy’s backbone, playing a major role in key sectors such as construction, engineering, transportation and telecommunications.

Given the role of these sectors in economic development, developing markets are currently driving the rapid and sustained growth in demand for metal products.

Click on the below metals for more information about the materials we trade.

  • According to the LME, today’s steel industry is a 1.5 billion tonne market, divided between the long (billet) and flat (slab) segments.
  • Steel traded on the LME is in the form of billet, which is further processed into finished products such as reinforcing bars, wire rod and structural steel used in the construction industry.
  • Slab is used to produce steel sheet products that are used in automotive and manufacturing white goods.
  • According to analysis by McKinsey, global steel demand is expected to increase by more than 75 percent from 2010 to 2030 driven by emerging markets.
  • Aluminium is the most extensively used non-ferrous metal in the world and the most liquid contract traded on the LME.
  • End products of aluminiuminclude cans, foils, window frames, car body panels, wiring and kitchen utensils, cans, foils, window frames, car body panels, wiring and kitchen utensils.
  • Total world production in 2011 was 44.6 million tonnes (LME) and in terms of world production by region it is led by Asia (55%) followed by Europe (20%), America (16%), Oceania (5%) and Africa (4%). (WBMS, 2011)
  • Industry consumption spans across multiple sectors including transportation (25%), construction (25%), packaging (17%), electrical (12%), machinery and equipment (10%), consumer durables (6%) and others (6%). (CRU, 2011)
  • Aluminium alloy is formed by mixing small amounts of copper, magnesium, zinc and other elements with aluminium. The added elements make the metal stronger and thus increases its versatility.
  • Total world production is 8.75 million tonnes per annum.
  • 8 million tonnes of aluminium is recycled every year and this is processed into varying grades specifically for car production, packaging and construction.
  • Copper was one of the first metals to be mined and was a fundamental component of the Bronze Age.
  • It is an excellent conductor of heat and used in end-products such as cables, wiring, plumbing, heating and ventilation and other building materials as well as wiring and circuit boards of phones, computers and other electrical goods.
  • Copper also has excellent anti-microbiological properties and is used in chemical industries for medical and agricultural disease control.
  • In terms of world copper production by region, it is predominantly produced in Asia (46%), followed by America (28%), Europe (19%), Africa (5%) and Oceania (2%). (WBMS, 2011)
  • Lead use has evolved over time and batteries now account for 80% of world consumption. It is malleable, dense and anti-corrosive and is thus extensively used to line tanks that store corrosive liquids and as a shield against X and gamma-ray radiation as well as in the manufacture of paints and pigments and other chemical compounds.
  • In terms of world lead production by region, it is predominantly produced in Asia (58%), America (21%), Europe (18%), Africa (1%) and Oceania (2%).
  • Nickel is an alloying metal and has diverse uses due to its high melting point and resistance to corrosion.
  • It was discovered in the early 20th century that combining nickel with steel increases the durability, resistance to corrosion and strength of the steel significantly.
  • Thus, the steel industry is now the single largest consumer of nickel today, used mainly in the production of stainless steel.
  • In terms of world production of steel, Asia leads with 41%, followed by Europe (31%), America (16%), Oceania (10%), and Africa (2%). (WBMS, 2011)
  • Industry consumption is broken down by stainless steel (66%), other alloys (24%), electroplating (8%) and chemicals (3%). (CRU, 2011)
  • Tin is one of the first metals to be mined and its shiny finish makes it a highly sought after commodity.
  • Common uses include production of solder and the tin plating of iron and steel products which provides an attractive finish as well as in the production of bronze, pewter and die-casting alloys and in modern engineering to make tungsten more machineable.
  • In terms of world production of tin, Asia is the predominant producer contributing 83%, followed by America (14%), Europe (3%). (WBMS, 2011)
  • Industry consumption is broken down by solder (52%), tinplate (17%), chemicals (15%), brass and bronze (5%), glass (2%) and others (10%). (ITRI-CRU, 2011)
  • Zinc is the 24th most abundant element on earth and it is used mainly in brass which is an alloy of copper and zinc.
  • Zinc's light-weight and corrosion-resistant properties mean it is often used in die-casting alloys, castings, brass products, sheeting products as well as in chemicals, medicine, paints and batteries.
  • Galvanisation of other metals account for around half of zinc consumption today.
  • In terms of world zinc production, Asia accounts for 61%, followed by Europe (19%), America (14%), Oceania (4%) and Africa (2%). (WBMS, 2011)

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